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Automatic detection and tracking of human motion with a view-based representation

2002

Conference Paper

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This paper proposes a solution for the automatic detection and tracking of human motion in image sequences. Due to the complexity of the human body and its motion, automatic detection of 3D human motion remains an open, and important, problem. Existing approaches for automatic detection and tracking focus on 2D cues and typically exploit object appearance (color distribution, shape) or knowledge of a static background. In contrast, we exploit 2D optical flow information which provides rich descriptive cues, while being independent of object and background appearance. To represent the optical flow patterns of people from arbitrary viewpoints, we develop a novel representation of human motion using low-dimensional spatio-temporal models that are learned using motion capture data of human subjects. In addition to human motion (the foreground) we probabilistically model the motion of generic scenes (the background); these statistical models are defined as Gibbsian fields specified from the first-order derivatives of motion observations. Detection and tracking are posed in a principled Bayesian framework which involves the computation of a posterior probability distribution over the model parameters (i.e., the location and the type of the human motion) given a sequence of optical flow observations. Particle filtering is used to represent and predict this non-Gaussian posterior distribution over time. The model parameters of samples from this distribution are related to the pose parameters of a 3D articulated model (e.g. the approximate joint angles and movement direction). Thus the approach proves suitable for initializing more complex probabilistic models of human motion. As shown by experiments on real image sequences, our method is able to detect and track people under different viewpoints with complex backgrounds.

Author(s): Fablet, R. and Black, M. J.
Book Title: European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV 2002
Volume: 1
Pages: 476-491
Year: 2002

Series: LNCS 2353
Editors: A. Heyden and G. Sparr and M. Nielsen and P. Johansen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag

Department(s): Perceiving Systems
Bibtex Type: Conference Paper (inproceedings)
Paper Type: Conference

Links: pdf

BibTex

@inproceedings{Black:ECCV:2002,
  title = {Automatic detection and tracking of human motion with a view-based representation},
  author = {Fablet, R. and Black, M. J.},
  booktitle = {European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV 2002},
  volume = {1},
  pages = {476-491},
  series = {LNCS 2353},
  editors = {A. Heyden and G. Sparr and M. Nielsen and P. Johansen},
  publisher = {Springer-Verlag },
  year = {2002}
}